This article was written by American philatelist C.C. Lance in 1938 and was originally titled "Railroad Stamps of Rhodesia".
The National Circular Delivery Company was a local post established by Robert Brydone about the middle of 1867 to provide a service for the bulk delivery of circulars between London and other cities or towns served by Brydone's circular delivery companies. Undoubtedly it was this obvious infringement over the Postmaster General's monopoly over mail carrying that led to Brydone's downfall. Stamps were issued in a design showing Britain's arms on a shield with the lion and unicorn supporters The inscriptions NATIONAL CIRCULAR DELIVERY CO.
These stamps have been associated for many years with the diphtheria epidemic in Nome, Alaska. Diphtheria serum was urgently needed, but since Nome was located 224 kilometres from the Arctic Circle, it was doubtful whether an airplane would make the trip in the harsh Alaskan winter. Bush flying in Alaska was still in its infancy in 1925, and it was limited to only summer months as the planes were open and unreliable in cold weather. A relay of dog teams was finally decided to take the serum from Nenana to Nome, a distance of about a
Railway stamps may be divided into three classes, namely, Newspaper, Parcels, and Letter. The newspaper stamps were the first to make their appearance, for as far back as July, 1855, five companies adopted the use of these labels
Francesco Carreas Candi was one of the greatest Spanish postal historians. He was born in Barcelona on July 4, 1852. His many works on philately include 'Las Tarjetas postales enEspaña' (0n Spanish postcards), published in 1902, and 'Emisiones Fiscales de los Barcelone' (Fiscal Stamps of the Legal College of Barcelona) published in 1905. Candi's 'Estudos Postales' (Postal Studies) appeared in 1908 and 'Idea de la Filatelia Española' (Spanish Philately) followed in 1918. The Spanish Government appointed candi vice-consul of the Dominican Republic in 1898, and he later became consul-general.
Aaleshund is a Norwegian fishing port where a local post was organised by H. S. Oyen between 1880 and 1884. A 3 øre stamp, printed in brown on various coloured papers in December 1880. The design (below) featured a codfish in a horizontal oval with OYEN in the corners.
This map of the Spanish Civil War in October 1937 should help to identify places seen on the numerous local issues of the period...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0XhRnJz8fU The Spanish Civil War is a popular collecting area for both stamp collectors and postal historians. The local issues are attractive and have a large following.
This article originally appeared in the "New Zealand Stamp Collector", the official journal of the Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand. It is republished by kind permission of the Society.
For many years philatelists have been puzzled by these overprints, who produced them, and the circumstances which led to their production. The solution was thought to be provided in articles published in the philatelic press in the 1980s...